U.S. Rice Meets Domestic & International Regulatory Standards
Arsenic in rice for baby food is already regulated. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) set an action level of 100 parts per billion (ppb) for inorganic arsenic in infant rice cereal1
. The World Health Organization (WHO) and the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO) set limits of 200 ppb for white rice and 350 ppb for brown2
. The U.S. rice industry meets these standards.
1U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Guidance for Industry: Action Level for Inorganic Arsenic in Rice Cereals for Infants. August 2020. https://www.fda.gov/media/97234/download
2CODEX Alimentarius. Maximum level of inorganic arsenic in husked rice. June 2016. http://www.fao.org/fao-who-codexalimentarius/roster/detail/en/c/421755/
U.S. Rice Has the Lowest Levels of Inorganic Arsenic
The WHO and FAO have concluded rice grown in the U.S. has the lowest levels of inorganic arsenic of the more than 40 rice-producing countries tested, including India.
Codex Committee on Contaminants in Foods. (2012). Proposed Draft Maximum Levels for Arsenic in Rice. CX/CF/12/6/8. http://dx.doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.1.3879.0884
Dietary Guidelines for Americans Recommends Rice Consumption
The 2020-2025 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) highly recommends grains, such as rice, as a part of a healthy diet to reduce the risk of heart disease, support healthy digestion, and help with weight management. In fact, the 2020-2025 DGA recommends infant rice cereal consumption.
U.S. Department of Agriculture and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2020-2025. 9th Edition. December 2020. Available at DietaryGuidelines.gov
Rice Nutrition Research
Decades of nutrition research demonstrate that frequent rice consumers have diets more consistent with the U.S. Dietary Guidelines for Americans and have reduced risk for obesity, high blood pressure, certain cancers, and metabolic syndrome. Below are links to recently published research. Click here to for a complete list of rice research and for more rice nutrition information.
Infant Rice Cereal Leads to Better Nutrient Intake
National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data show that consumption of infant rice cereal in the 0-24-month population was linked to better nutrient intake, which leads to better overall health and lower risk of disease.
Nicklas, T. A., O’Neil, C. E., & Fulgoni, V. L., 3rd (2020). Nutrient intake, introduction of baby cereals and other complementary foods in the diets of infants and toddlers from birth to 23 months of age. AIMS Public Health, 2020, 7(1): 123-147. doi: 10.3934/publichealth.2020012
Xue, J., et, al. (2010). Probabilistic Modeling of Dietary Arsenic Exposure and Does and Evaluation with 2003-2004 NHANES Data. Environmental Health Perspectives, Volume 118, No.3. https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/doi/pdf/10.1289/ehp.0901205